School Neuropsychology Conceptual Model
The School Neuropsychology Conceptual Model (SNP Model) was originally introduced by Dr. Daniel C. Miller in 2007 in his Essentials of School Neuropsychogical Assessment book
. The model is a classification of the major tests of school-age neuropsychological, cognitive abilities, and academic achievement tests, and behavioral rating scales for ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorders, and adaptive behavior rating scales, all of which follow an integrated process-oriented approach. The model is dynamic and evolving based on ongoing refinement of the theory and validation research. Evolving versions of the SNP Model have been published in the Best Practices of School Neuropsychology: Guidelines for Effective Practice, Assessment, and Evidence-Based Interventions
(Miller, 2010). A further refinement of the SNP Model will be published in a chapter by Miller and Maricle in the Contemporary Intellectual Assessment: Third Edition
book by Flanagan and Harrison (Eds.) (2012) and in an additional chapter in a book called the Handbook of Educational Theories
by Jackson, Brown, and Laro-Alecio (2012). These versions of the SNP Model are now being referred to as the 2007-2012 SNP Model.
The 2007-2012 SNP Model has seven broad classifications relating to broad neuropsychological processes or functions in children. The Broad Classifications include: sensorimotor functions, attentional processes, visual-spatial processes, language functions, learning and memory, executive functions, and speed and efficiency of cognitive processes. These major broad classifications are further subdivided into narrower 2nd order classifications. For example, shifting attention is a subclassification within the broader classification of attention. Some of the 2nd order classifications are further subdivided into narrower 3rd order classifications. For example, visual shifting attention is a subclassification within the 2nd order classification of shifting attention within the broader classification of attention.
In 2013, Miller will introduce the Integrated SNP/CHC Model in the Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment - Second Edition
. This revision represents a further integration of CHC Theory with school neuropsychological theories based on current research.
Both versions of the SNP Model are intended to provide school psychologists, school neuropsychologists, and psychologists who work with pediatric populations a conceptual framework for enhancing cross-battery clinical interpretation and ultimately strengthening the linkage between assessment and evidence-based interventions.
Within this section of the www.schoolneuropsych.com website the broad and narrower classifications of the school neuropsychological conceptual models can be explored.
Figure of the 2007-2012 SNP Model
- A graphical representation of the 2007-2012 SNP Model.
Test Selection Based on 2007-2012 SNP Model Classification
- This is a searchable database based on the broad, 2nd order, and 3rd order classifications of the 2007-2012 SNP Model. For example, if you were interested in finding a measure of visual shifting attention, you would select the broad classification of Attentional Processes, then choose Shifting Attention in the 2nd Order Classifications to narrow your search, then choose Visual Shifting Attention in the 3rd Order Classifications to finalize your search. All of the tests within the database classified as measuring visual shifting attention will be displayed.
Select a Test to See How the Subtests are Classified According to the 2007-2012 SNP Model
- This is a searchable database that starts with a major neuropsychological, cogntive, academic, behavioral, and adaptive test and shows how each of the subtests of selected test are classified according to the 2007-12 SNP Model.
Figure of the 2013 Integrated SNP/CHC Model
- A graphical representation of the 2013 Integrated SNP /CHC Model.
Test Selection Based on 2013 Integrated SNP/CHC Model Classification
- This is a searchable database based on the broad, 2nd, and 3rd classifications of the 2013 Integrated SNP Model.
Select a Test to See How the Subtests are Classified According to the 2013 Integrated SNP/CHC Model
- This is a searchable database based on major neuropsychological, cognitive, academic, behavioral, and adaptive tests classified according to the 2013 Integrated SNP/CHC Model.
The database will display a test name, the abbreviation of the test, a subtest name, the subtest description, the suitable age range, the name of the test publisher, and the type of score to report.
- Miller, D. C. (2013). Essentials of school neuropsychological assessment. Hoboken- Second Edition. NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
- Miller, D. C. (2012). School neuropsychology conceptual model. In S. Jackson, G. Brown, & R. Laro-Alecio (Eds.), Handbook of Educational Theories. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.
- Miller, D. C. & Maricle, D. E. (2012). The emergence of neuropsychological constructs into tests of intelligence and cognitive abilities. In D. P. Flanagan & P. L. Harrison (Eds.), Contemporary Intellectual Assessment, Third Edition: Theories, Tests, and Issues. NY: Guilford Press.
- Miller, D. C. (2010). School neuropsychological assessment and intervention. In D. C. Miller (Ed.), Best practice in school neuropsychology: Guidelines for effective practice, assessment, and evidence-based intervention (pp. 81-100). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
- Miller, D. C. (2007). Essentials of school neuropsychological assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.